• @ Ayurveda College Kottakkal

  • 100 years of Reforming, Refining, Revitilising Ayurveda Academy

  • ”SATAPATHAM” (1917-2017)


Kottakkal Ayurveda College

The Aryavaidya Patasala was started in the year 1917 at Calicut by Late Vaidyaratnam P.S.Varier, the founder of Arya Vaidya Sala and was run by the Arya Vaidya Samajam, a registered society. The Patasala was financed by the Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal. A four years course leading to the diploma ‘Arya Vaidyan’ was conducted. In 1924, the Patasala was shifted to Kottakkal with a view to give practical training to the students in the Arya Vaidya Sala Charitable Hospital. In 1972, the Ayurveda College, Kottakkal was affiliated to the University of Calicut and a new course, Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine (B.A.M), was started. The B.A.M course had a duration of 5 years followed by internship training for six months. The minimum qualification required for admission to the B.A.M. course was a pass in pre-degree with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects.

Aryavaidyapathasala to Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier Ayurveda College

Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier Ayurveda College, Kottakkal is now one of the pioneering institutions in the academic topography of Ayurveda in India. The College has completed 99 years of academic excellence and is at the threshold of Satabdi. Innumerable physicians who have acquired the nuances of Ayurveda from this college are now serving in Kerala, India and in different countries across the globe. They are the ambassadors of the school of thought that was created by Vaidyaratnam P.S.Varier, founder of the college, the great visionary and social reformer, who revitalized and remodeled the science of Ayurveda

The beginning of the journey…… Aryavaidyapathasala

The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by a lot of problems in the whole field of Ayurveda. The facilities for Ayurveda education was almost nonexistent. There was a dearth of able physicians capable of imparting education in Ayurveda. Ashtavaidya were the only families engaged in this field. Due to the social issues like untouchability, people of other castes did not have the opportunity to learn Ayurveda.
Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier was the disciple of the very eminent and magnanimous Ashtavaidyan Brahmasree Kuttamcheri Mooss. The style of Ayurveda education was also very arduous during this period as the student had to stay in the teacher’s home and serve the guru along with his studies. While the guru travelled to different places in a palanquin, the disciple had to carry the teacher’s belongings and follow him on his feet. These difficult circumstances must have made the young P. S. Varier think about a more novel and simpler way to learn Ayurveda. He must have also doubted that in future people will not come forward to learn Ayurveda in the midst of such hardships. It can be assumed that his difficult days as a student of Ayurveda had sown the seeds of an Aryavaidya Pathasala in his mind.

Working towards the goal----

Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier established the Arya Vaidya Sala in 1902 at Kottakkal. In 1903, he organized a conference of eminent physicians of Kerala and formed a society of physicians called ‘Aryavaidyasamajam’. The organization of such an all Kerala conference must have been a real herculean task in that era, when communication and transport facilities were very minimal. The annual meetings of the Aryavaidyasamajam in 1909 and 1910 took a decision to establish an Ayurveda pathasala and a committee was constituted look into the matter. But there was no further action in this regard. So Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier decided to take the plunge himself and set out to garner financial resources for starting of the Pathasala. Though he travelled across the state and met many influential personalities, many contributions remained only on paper and he was able to collect only five thousand rupees which was deposited in the name of Aryavaidyasamajam.
But he did not lose heart and started construction of the pathasala beside the Aryavaidyasala branch at Kozhikode. Two special meetings of the Aryavaidyasamajam was held in 1916 at Kozhikode to discuss the curriculum and syllabus of the pathasala. Eminent physicians like Triprangode. K. Parameswaran Moos and Thaikkat Divakaran Moos lead the discussions and a syllabus was framed. The construction of the pathasala building was completed in 1917.
His commitment to the cause of Ayurveda education can be gauged from an article that was published by Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier in ‘Dhanvantari’ monthly magazine of the Aryavaidyasamajam – “There are very less learned vaidya at present. They cannot be even called vaidya when compared to the vaidya of older times. Only or one or two in thousand would have learnt the principles from eminent teachers. There will be no use in trying to solve this problem after one more generation. So there is no doubt that an Ayurveda Pathasala has to be established immediately. If this Pathasala has to serve its purpose, there should be a hospital and pharmacy along with it.”

The goal attained----

The Ayurveda Pathasala at Kozhikode was formally inaugurated by the then Samutiri raja on January 14, 1917. The inaugural function was chaired by Kochi Ezhammura Kochunni Thampuran who was a famous visha vaidya. 42 students were admitted to the Pathasala in 1917. Only a nominal tuition fee of five rupees was levied from them. Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier served as the Principal and administrator of the Pathasala. He also used to travel to Kozhikode weekly to handle classes and conduct consultation of patients. The earliest faculty in the pathasala included Sri. P. V. Kammaran Nambiar and Sri. P. K. Ramunni Menon.

After shifting to Kottakkal

Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier established a charitable hospital at Kottakkal in 1924. Since this offered better clinical facilities for students, the Pathasala was shifted from Kozhikode to Kottakkal and a building for this was constructed near the hospital itself.
The Pathasala was recognized by the Government in 1937. The degree awarded from here was ‘Aryavaidyan’. The course was for four years and the students who completed their course were given B class registration. The ‘Aryavaidyan’ course continued upto 1958. More than 1000 students had completed this course. Dr. P. K. Varier, Dr. Madhavikutty Varasiar, Dr. S. Varier etc were some of the prominent physicians who studied during this period in the Pathasala. After Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier’s demise in 1944, Vaidyavisarad P. K. Ramunni Menon became the Principal.

The path forward

After the formation of the Kerala state, a unified curriculum was designed for Ayurveda and DAM [Diploma in Ayurvedic Medicine] course was started in all Ayurveda colleges. In 1959, the Aryavaidya Patasala was upgraded as an Ayurveda College and DAM course was started here also. The new course (D.A.M) was of four years duration followed by an internship training of six months.
The golden jubilee of the college was celebrated in 1968 and the then Chief Minister of Kerala, Sri. E. M. S. Nambutiripad was the chief guest for the function. As part of the jubilee celebrations, the college shifted to a new building at Changuvetty junction. [This is now the OP of the Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal.]
The college was affiliated to University of Calicut in 1972 and BAM [Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine] course was started. This college was the first one to be affiliated to this University. The admission criterion to this course was a pass in science subjects at the pre degree level. The duration of the course was 5 years followed by 6 months internship.

Ayurveda education at present

The college was renamed as Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier Ayurveda College, Kottakkal in 1979. The Central Council of Indian Medicine [CCIM] created a uniform pattern of Ayurveda education throughout the country and as a part of this BAMS [Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery- Ayurvedacharya] course began in the college in 1979. At first, this course was for 5 years and 6 months internship. In 1989, the curriculum was modified into a Professional system. There were three professionals of 1 ½ years duration followed by internship training for one year. In 2010, the college was affiliated to the KUHS [Kerala University of Health Sciences].The new MSR of the CCIM came into effect in 2012 and the curriculum was changed into three professionals of 1 year each and final professional of 1 ½ year followed by one year internship.

Post graduate studies

An important development in the history of the college was its elevation as a centre for postgraduate studies in March 2001. The first Postgraduate course to begin was Manovigyan evum Manasroga. This PG course in Ayurvedic psychiatry was the first of its kind in the country. The presence of the Govt. Ayurveda Mental Hospital in the vicinity of the college was also instrumental in starting this course here. The OP department of this hospital began in the college itself in 1975. Four more PG courses were started in course of time. Postgraduation in Agadatantra and Vidhivaidyaka began in 2003. Post graduate courses in Swasthavritta, Dravyagunavijnana and Panchakarma began in 2008.
Admissions to the PG courses were conducted with the affiliation to University of Calicut upto 2010 and thereafter with affiliation to KUHS (Kerala university of Health Sciences).

Change of guard

The administration of the college was done by Aryavaidyasamajam upto 1976. The Aryavaidyasamajam was dissolved in March 1976 and the college administration was handed over to Kerala Ayurvedic Studies and Research Society (K.A.S.R.S). This is a Society registered under the Societies’ Registration Act and has got representatives of the Govt. of Kerala, Arya Vaidya Sala and the Union Govt. It was Sri. C. Achyuta Menon, the Chief Minister of Kerala during this period, who took great personal interest in the formation of this administrative body. The Governing Body of the K.A.S.R.S consists of five members of the State Government with the Health Minister as Chairman and five nominees of the Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal. Sri. N. K. Balakrishnan, the then Health Minister, was the first Chairman of the Governing Body. The Executive Committee of the Society consists of three members of the State Government and two members of the Arya Vaidya Sala. Secretary to Government, Dept. of Health and Family Welfare was the Chairman of the Executive committee. After the creation of a separate department for Ayush, the Secretary in charge of Ayush department is the Chairman of the Executive Committee. The day-to-day affairs of the Society are being looked after by the Executive Director and the Chief Executive Officer of the Society.
The present members of the Governing body are –
Smt. Shylaja Teacher – Hon’ble Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of Kerala – Chairperson
The Secretary to Government, Health & family Welfare Department, Government Secretariat, ThiruvananthapuramDr. P. K. Varier
The District Collector, Malappuram
The Advisor (Ayurveda & Sidha)
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare,
Government of India, New Delhi
The Director,
Directorate of Ayurveda Medical Education,
Arogyabhavan, Thiruvananthapuram
Padmbhooshan Dr.P.K.Warrier,
Managing Trustee, Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal
Dr.P.Madhavankutty Varier,
Chief Superintendent,
AH&RC, Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal
Sri K.S Money I.A.S(Rtd)
General Manager ,
Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal
Dr S.G Ramesh
Factory Manager,
Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal
Superintendent, AH & RC Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal

Navathi celebrations

Navathi [completion of 90 years] of the college was celebrated as a grand three day event in February 2008. The former President Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was the chief guest of the inaugural session on February 5. He delivered a lecture on the topic ‘Ayurveda Research : Prevention and Cure in a Natural way’. He was in his inimitable style as a teacher and orator as he dwelled in detail on the role of Ayurveda in the prevention of diseases, genomic research to reinforce traditional medicine, development of designer crops and challenges and opportunities in genomic research. He also interacted with the students of the college and answered their questions. This was truly an unforgettable experience for the staff and students of the college.
A state wide talent search was carried out for UG students and house surgeons which tested their academic brilliance, creative abilities and general knowledge. Five students qualified for the final round. Remya. A. of Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier Ayurveda college was adjudged the best performer and she received the Agnivesa Award. Visikhanupravesaneeyam - the convocation of one batch of house surgeons of the college was presided over by the Vice Chancellor of Calicut University Anwar Jahan Suberi. Nirooha – a scientific seminar on the systemic role of Vasti was held on 5 February. The seminar was conducted by a panel of experts from inside and outside Kerala. An alumni meet and Aadarayanam – a function to honour the teaching and non teaching staff who had retired from the college – was also organized on the sidelines of the celebrations. The third day of the celebrations was marked by a discussion on the central Ayurveda University to be set up in Kottakkal. Luminaries from art and literature field presented their views about various issues like culture, music and environmental conservation. The evenings were enlivened by a cultural extravaganza in which talented students of the college and professional artists participated.
Looking to the future
Dr. V. V. Giri visited Kottakkal twice, first in 1968 as Vice President of India and then in 1970 as the Indian President. During these visits, he suggested that an Ayurveda University should be set up at Kottakkal. As a result of the continued, concerted and combined efforts of the management, staff and students of this college along with the representatives in the legislative Assembly, an amount of Rs.1 crore was earmarked in the State budget in 2015 for the University. The district Collector was appointed as Special officer of the University and an office was opened in the college campus. But there has not been much development after this and the University still remains a distant dream for the whole Kottakkal family.
Whether it was medicines given to his patients or education imparted to his students, Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier had always strived to maintain a stamp of excellence in all fields. As a continuation of this legacy, this institution is on the path of getting ISO certification for the college and hospital.
Vision 2017 which was prepared as a master plan for the development of the college in connection with the Navathi celebrations was again revised in 2012. This document envisages the future plans of the college in both academic and infrastructural aspects. Though some of the proposals envisaged in this document have been fulfilled, there is a lot more to do, especially related to starting of PG courses in all departments, increasing the staff and student strength and all round development of the hospital.


1917 Jan 14 – Aryavaidyapathasala inaugurated at Kozhikode
1917 - Aryavaidyan course started in Aryavaidyapathasala
1924 – Aryavaidyapathasala shifted to Kottakkal
1937 – Aryavaidyapathasala recognized by the Govt and B class registration given to Aryavaidyan degree holders
1944 Jan 30 – Demise of the founder, Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier
1958 – 59 – Unification of Ayurveda education in the state and stopping of Aryavaidyan course
1959 – 60 – Starting of DAM course
1967 – 68 – Golden Jubilee celebrations and shifting of college to new building at Changuvetty
1971 – Calicut University expert committee visits the college for inspection before starting graduate course in the college
1972 – The state Government sanctions the starting of BAM course and the College gets affiliated to University of Calicut
BAM [Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine] course begins
1975 – The Govt decides to allow clinical training of college students in Govt. Ayurveda Mental Hospital, Kottakkal
The OP department of the Govt. Ayurveda Mental Hospital, Kottakkal starts in the college campus
1975 - The last batch of students of the DAM course complete their internship. A total of 422 students studied in the DAM course
1976 March 31 – Aryavaidyasamajam was dissolved
1976 April 1 – The college administration was handed over to KASRS
1979 – The college was named as Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier Ayurveda College.
As part of unification of Ayurveda Curriculum by CCIM, BAMS course starts in the college.
1980 – As the first step towards starting college hospital, OP unit begins to function.
1982 – The Govt approves direct payment scheme for the teaching and non teaching staff of the college.
1983 – The last batch of students of the BAM course complete their internship. A total of 217 students studied in the BAM course.
1987 – The Malappuram District Hospital starts to function in the college., departmentalisation
1990 – The college hospital becomes functional with a bed strength of 52.
1990 – 91 – The BAMS [Ayurvedacharya] course incorporating the Professional system of 1 ½ years is implemented.
1992 – Diamond jubilee celebrations and laying of foundation stone of the new hospital block.
1997 – Inauguration of the new hospital block with an admission capacity of 100.
1998 – Clinical Research Institute for Yoga and Ayurveda [CRIYA] starts functioning.
2000 – 01 – Admission capacity for Graduate course raised to 50.
2001 – PG course in Manovijnan evum Manasaroga started.
2003 – PG course in Agadatantra evum Vidhivaidyaka started.
2006 – Inauguration of the new PG block by Dr. P. K. Varier.
2007 – Inauguration of the new Library building by Hon’ble Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Smt. P. K. Sreemathi Teacher.
Inauguration of the new administrative block of KASRS
2008 - PG courses in Swastavritta, Dravyagunavijnana and Panchakarma
2008 – Navathi celebrations on Feb 4, 5, 6.

100 years of Reforming, Refining, Revitilising Ayurveda Academy


Sri. Srikrishnan K, ED
Dr. Prema P E, Principal
Dr. C V Jayadevan, Vice Principal
Dr. Asha K V,Hospital Supdt.

Dr. Bindu K K - Chairperson
Dr. Vinodkumar M V - Convener
Dr. Madhu K P - Convener
Sri. Abdul Nazar Vakkayil - Convener

Dr. Jigeesh P P - Chairman
Dr. Vinod D S - Convener
Sri.Unnikrishnan P V - Convener

Dr. Prakash - Chairman
Dr. Mukesh E - Convener
Dr. Benil P B - Convener

Dr. Anitha K - Chairperson
Dr. Vinod R - Convener
Sri. Pradeepan P V - Convener

Dr. R G Unnikrishnan - Chairman
Dr. Sudheera S - Convener
Sri. Surendran K - Convener

Dr. Beena Rose P K - Chairperson
Dr. Gopikrishna S - Convener
Sri. Muhammed Idrees - Convener

Dr. Dinesh K S - Chairman
Dr. Binitha A - Convener
Sri. Rajeshkumar R - Convener

Dr. M J George - Chairman
Dr. Jeena N J - Convener
Sri. Sudheeshkumar A - Convener

Sri. T G Manoharan - Chairman
Dr. Sunitha P V - Convener
Sri. Shukkoor A - Convener

Dr. P T P Adithya Babu - Chairman
Dr. Satheesh K - Convener
Sri. Ravunnikutty U P - Convener

Dr. Kirathamoorthy P P - Chairman
Dr. Uma Karthik - Convener
Sri. Raishad K - Convener



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